Tyres are a soul component of a vehicle. Tyres offer acceleration, steering handling, brake handling, and stability for cornering at high speed. No matter how luxurious a car is, it is nothing without its tyres. That is why the tyres need to work in harmony with the vehicle to give optimal performance. It is important to buy a tyre that is in sync with the vehicle and also covers all your needs.
How to purchase a tyre?
Picking a tyre is a complex task. There are many factors to consider before purchasing a tyre. Car tyres Colindale offers you their help in finding the best-suited tyre for your vehicle.
1:-Size of a tyre
Many people choose to buy bigger tyres for their vehicles. They give a robust look and better performance to your car. But vehicles with tyres larger than the original size can end up messing with the performance of the car in future. The manufacturers mention the original size of the tyre in the car manual. Check out the range of tyres with a wide range of sizes. There is a sequence that explains the size of the tyres.
First in the sequence is its application that tells you the specific usage of the tyre. For instance, P is for passenger tyres
- Tyre width
The width of the car tyre is the measurement from the beginning of the surface of the rim to the end of the sidewall which is measured in millimetres.
- Aspect ratio
After tyre width comes the ratio between the height of the tyre to the width of the tyre which is known as aspect ratio. For example, the 75 aspect ratio means the height of the tyre is 75% of the width of the tyre.
Each tyre has different rim case construction. Like, R stands for radial construction, B stands for bias-ply construction whereas D stands for diagonal construction.
- Diameter of the rim
Next is the height of the rim or the diameter of the rim is measured in inches.
- Load index
The load index is the maximum quantity of load that a tyre can carry. Say, the load index of a tyre is 95. This means the tyres can carry up to 950kg weight.
- Speed rating
The speeding rating of the tyre is the maximum speed at which a tyre can sustain. Letters A to Z indicated the speed rating of the tyres.
Seasonal tyres are designed to sustain in particular weather conditions. There are three kinds of tyres, winter tyres summer tyres and all-season tyres.
Winter tyres offer great traction on icy and snowy grounds. These tyres are specially for places with temperatures falling below 7°C. Because rubber of the winter tyres hardens up with the rising temperature. That is why it is important to change winter tyres with rising temperatures.
Summer tyres are better at adopting higher temperatures. These tyres have wide width which offers a high-speed rating. That is why summer tyres are famous on race tracks. These tyres offer great traction on both dry and water-filled roads.
It can be exhausting to change tyres every season. But all-season tyres are the best option if you live in moderate weather conditions. These tyres are suitable for both cold and warm weather conditions. They offer great traction in both wet and dry road conditions. But these tyres are not very efficient in extreme weather conditions. They can only sustain temperatures above 4°C.
The outermost layer of rubber makes contact with the road and is responsible for traction. These are the tread pattern of a tyre that determine the noise and the wet weather performance. The tyres have three different kinds of tread patterns, symmetric tread pattern, asymmetric tread pattern and directional tread pattern.
Symmetric tread patterns are the most commonly used in passenger cars. The tread pattern of the tyres remains the same all over the tyre. Hence they offer great traction on dry roads. They offer flexibility for tyre rotation without any disturbance. But these are not very effective in water-filler roads.
Asymmetric tread patterns have two different kinds of tread patterns. The outside tread pattern is responsible for the traction. Whereas the inner tread is responsible for preventing hydroplaning. Asymmetric tread pattern offers ultra-high performance.
Winter tyres are mostly seen with directional tread patterns. These Bridgestone tyres Edgware have deep tread depth and tiny grooves. Together they allow the directional tyre to move forward in the snow without slipping or skidding. Besides, the sidewalls of a directional tyre have v-shaped grooves which determine the direction in which the tyre needs to be mounted.
The rubber material of the tyre decides whether it is going to last or not. Because the rubber not only gives the shape to the tyre but also protects it from tyre failure. Overheating causes most tyre failures. A quality rubber material will always resist overheating and hence protect the tyre.
The average age of a tyre is 5 years. Never buy a tyre older than 6 months. The manufacturers mention the manufacturing week and year of a tyre on the sidewall of the tyre. For instance, 46/18, which mean the tyre was manufactured in the 46th week of 2018.